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Columbine

Columbine flower photo

The columbines are a genus Aquilegia of about 70 species of perennials that are found in meadows, woodlands, and at higher altitudes throughout the northern hemisphere. They are known for their distinctive flowers, generally bell-shaped, with each petal modified into an elongated nectar spur.

Several species are grown in gardens; the European Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris, is a traditional garden flower in Britain, and several of the species that are native to North America are popular garden plants there.

Species include:

* Oil Shale Columbine Aquilegia barnebyi
* Smallflower Columbine Aquilegia brevistyla
* Colorado blue Columbine Aquilegia caerulea
* Wild Columbine Canadian columbine, red columbine Aquilegia canadensis
* Golden Columbine Aquilegia chrysantha
* Desert Columbine Aquilegia desertorum
* Western Red Columbine Aquilegia elegantula
* Van Houtte's Columbine Aquilegia eximia
* Yellow Columbine Aquilegia flavescens
* Crimson Columbine western columbine Aquilegia formosa
* Graham's Columbine Aquilegia grahamii
* Jones's Columbine Aquilegia jonesii
* Laramie Columbine Aquilegia laramiensis
* Longspur Columbine Aquilegia longissima
* Mancos Columbine Aquilegia micrantha
* Sierra Columbine Aquilegia pubescens
* Rocky Mountain Blue Columbine Aquilegia saximontana
* Blue Columbine Utah columbine Aquilegia scopulorum
* Chiricahua Mountain Columbine Aquilegia triternata
* European Columbine Aquilegia vulgaris


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