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Gaillardia

Gaillardia photo

Gaillardia is a genus of drought-tolerant annual and perennial plants from the sunflower family (Asteraceae), native to North America. It was named after M. Gaillard de Charentonneau, an 18th-century French magistrate who was a patron of botany.

These plants form wiry, branched stems with lanceolate to linear basal leaves. The plant grows to 1 1/2 to 2 ft (45 - 60 cm) tall, with bright daisy-like single color and bi-color blooms in shades from buff to red to brown. The flowers bloom in the summer. There more than two dozen known species of Gaillardia.

They will grow under very harsh and dry conditions, forming mounds, 8 - 18 inches (20 - 45 cm) high, and will even bloom in sand along a seashore.

Species

* Gaillardia aestivalis : Lanceleaf Blanketflower
o Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis : Lanceleaf Blanketflower
o Gaillardia aestivalis var. flavovirens : Lanceleaf Blanketflower
o Gaillardia aestivalis var. winkleri : Winkler's Blanketflower
* Gaillardia amblyodon : Maroon Blanketflower
* Gaillardia aristata : Common gaillardia
* Gaillardia arizonica : Arizona Blanketflower
o Gaillardia arizonica var. arizonica : Arizona Blanketflower
o Gaillardia arizonica var. pringlei : Pringle's Blanketflower

Red Dome Blanketflower (Gaillardia pinnatifida)
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Red Dome Blanketflower (Gaillardia pinnatifida)

* Gaillardia coahuilensis : Bandanna Daisy
* Gaillardia flava : Yellow Blanketflower
* Gaillardia x grandiflora [G. aristata × G. pulchella]
* Gaillardia multiceps : Onion Blanketflower
o Gaillardia multiceps var. microcephala : Onion Blanketflower
o Gaillardia multiceps var. multiceps : Onion Blanketflower
* Gaillardia parryi : Parry's Blanketflower
* Gaillardia pinnatifida : Red Dome Blanketflower
o Gaillardia pinnatifida var. linearis : : Red Dome Blanketflower
o Gaillardia pinnatifida var. pinnatifida : Red Dome Blanketflower
* Gaillardia pulchella : Firewheel
o Gaillardia pulchella var. australis : Firewheel
o Gaillardia pulchella var. picta : : Firewheel
o Gaillardia pulchella var. pulchella : Firewheel
* Gaillardia spathulata : : Western Blanketflower
* Gaillardia suavis : : Perfumeballs


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