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Marigold

marigold photo

 

The marigolds, genus Calendula L., are a genus of about 20 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region and Macaronesia.

The leaves of this plant are 5-18 cm long, simple, and usually roughly hairy. The flower heads range from pale yellow to deep orange, and are 3-7 cm across, with both ray florets and disc florets.

The petals of the Pot Marigold (Calendula officinalis) are spicy and are edible, added to dishes as a garnish.

The oinment of this herb is known to cure skin problems from burns to acne.

A myth describing the creation of the marigold is mentioned in the story of Clytie and Apollo, although it is usually referred to as the sunflower.

Species

* Calendula aegyptiaca
* Calendula aestivalis
* Calendula alata
* Calendula algeriensis
* Calendula americana
* Calendula anemoneflora
* Calendula arvensis : Field Marigold
* Calendula aurea
* Calendula balansae
* Calendula boissieri
* Calendula cariensis
* Calendula chrysantha
* Calendula decumbens
* Calendula denticulata

* Calendula eckerleinii
* Calendula eriocarpa
* Calendula exilis
* Calendula foliosa
* Calendula glauca
* Calendula grandiflora
* Calendula gussonii
* Calendula incanescens
* Calendula karakalensis
* Calendula kerkerana
* Calendula lanzae
* Calendula linifolia
* Calendula maderensis : Madeiran Marigold
* Calendula malvaecarpa
* Calendula maritima
* Calendula maroccana
* Calendula meuselii
* Calendula microphyla
* Calendula monardi
* Calendula montserratensis
* Calendula murbeckii
* Calendula officinalis : Pot Marigold
o Calendula officinalis var. parviflora
o Calendula officinalis f. pleniflora
* Calendula pachysperma
* Calendula palestina
* Calendula persica
* Calendula × santamariae

* Calendula sinuata
* Calendula stellata
* Calendula subinermis
* Calendula suffruticosa
o Calendula suffruticosa subsp. carbonellii
o Calendula suffruticosa subsp. greuteri
o Calendula suffruticosa subsp. tlemcensis
* Calendula thapsiaecarpa
* Calendula tripterocarpa
* Calendula tunetana
* Calendula vidali

Plants in the related genus Tagetes are also often called Mexican marigolds, African marigolds or French marigolds. Marsh marigold is the herb Caltha palustris of the buttercup family (Ranunculaceae).

The chrysanthemum species Chrysanthemum segetum is also sometimes known as the Corn Marigold.


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